Kolkata is one of the major cities in India, constantly growing and evolving. In this modern age where people are constantly trying to achieve newer heights some values remain the same. Most couples want to become parents and eagerly wait for their tiny precious bundle of joy. Conceiving is a natural process but unfortunately due to some reason it is not possible for everyone to get pregnant.
In our society where we attach a lot of importance to children, the married females without children are taunted and made to feel inferior. We tend to forget the sadness and helplessness she must be going through.Luckily we have advanced a lot in medicine and there is hope for couples to conceive by the method of IVF which is a boon for such couples.
What is IVF treatment - IVF specialist in Kolkata?
In Vitro Fertilization [IVF] involves a complicated process which helps to treat people with infertility problems. The mature eggs from the female are fertilized with the sperms from the male partnerin a dish in the laboratory; if it succeeds to fertilize and form an embryo then the embryo is implanted back in the women's uterus. Read More..
If the couple is incapable to produce its own egg or sperm a donor's egg or sperm may be used. Nowadays there is also an option of surrogacy for those women who have medical issues and are not able to carry their child in their womb, so then the embryo is implanted in the surrogate's uterus.
IVF treatment - who can be suitable ?
To treat infertility Assisted reproductive technology [ART] is used which helps the women to conceive. There are many fields under ART such as in vitro fertilization [IVF], intracytoplasmic sperm injection [ICSI], gamete intrafallopian transfer [GIFT] and zygote intrafallopian transfer [ZIFT].
IVF is recommended if you have any of these problems:
Sometimes there is no reason why a woman cannot conceive even after properinvestigation for the cause.
Uterine fibroids are common in women above 30 years and they are present in the uterus walls, sometimes they prevent the fertilized egg from implanting.
There are fewer eggs for fertilization if there is ovulation disorder.
If the ovaries do not produce the normal amount of hormone estrogen or do not have eggs to release before 40 years of age.
Damaged or blocked fallopian tubes make it difficult for the eggs to be fertilized or the embryo to move towards the uterus.
Endometriosis occur when the functioning of the uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries are affected due to the uterine tissues which get implanted and grow outside the uterus.
If the fallopian tube has been cut or blocked to prevent pregnancy and you may wish to get pregnant again then IVF method is used.
It becomes difficult for the sperm to fertilize the eggs if the shape and size of the sperm is not normal, there is less concentration and poor mobility of the sperm. If this is the problem then the male partner needs to show a specialist to rectify the problem.
Cancer treatment such as chemotherapy and radiation can harm your fertility so you can opt for IVF and harvest the eggs from the ovaries and freeze them for later use.
Fertility drugs are given to the women to help increase the production of eggs as normally only one egg is produced every month by the ovaries. Constant vigil will be kept on the ovaries through ultrasound and hormone levels will be checked by running blood tests.
To retrieve the eggs a minor surgery is conducted. The patient is given medication so that they may not feel the pain. The doctor uses a fine hollow needle to retrieve the eggs using ultrasound images to help him collect the eggs. He inserts the needle through the vagina into the ovaries and pulls out the eggs one at a time through suction.
While the eggs are being retrieved the male partner has to give a fresh sample of the semen. Even donated or frozen sperms and eggs can be used. The sperms are washed and the best ones are chosen to fertilize the eggs.
The best of the eggs and sperms are mixed together and are left to culture in an environmentally controlled room. The eggs are usually fertilized within a day of insemination.
When the eggs fertilize, the laboratory staff will constantly keep watchto see whether the eggs are growing at proper rate and transforming into a ball of cells called embryo or not.
After a wait of about two to five days the embryo is transferred into the women uterus by using a thin catheter containing the embryo, it is inserted in the women vaginathrough the cervix into the womb. The healthiest embryos are chosen to be implanted.
Not more than three embryos can be transferred and the amount depends on the age and the fertility problem of the patient.
Prior medication to thicken the lining of the uterus would have been given so that the embryo can implant itself, but the IVF cycle will be abandoned if the lining is thin and the embryo cannot implant itself.
Healthy unused embryos can be frozen so that it may be used later to conceive again.
If the embryo implants itself to the lining of the womb and starts growing, it results in pregnancy and the IVF cycle is successful.
To complete one IVF cycle it takes around four to six weeks and the success rate depends on the age and fertility problem of the patient.
IVF treatment drains the couple emotionally and physically. They have to invest a lot of time, energy and money in it and they need support from their families to tide over this difficult and stressful time.
Women taking IVF treatment can suffer from side effects due to medication.
Chances of miscarriage in women pregnant through IVF are similar to normal pregnancy, but if frozen eggs or sperms are used than the chances of miscarriage increases slightly.
Risk of birth defect in babies is not clear, but some experts feel that it does not increase the risk of birth defect in babies.
There are chances of multiple births if more embryos are implanted and due to this the woman can go into early labor and there is a risk of low birth weight.