What happens during a knee replacement surgery?
A doctor will recommend knee replacement surgery when you feel pain in your knee and find difficulty in performing any simple activity where knee is considered.
If you are not getting any relief from other treatments, then there is no choice better than knee replacement surgery. Normally people above the age of 50 and have severe osteoathritis, knee replacement surgery is one of the best treatments for them.
India has evolved as a country for medical tourism. Many people visit India mainly for their medical treatment. This is because of the fact that you will get experienced and skilled doctors, hygienic clinics, ideal infrastructure, modern technologies etc. Almost treatments in India is affordable and one of it is Knee-replacement surgery in India. Hyderabad is one of the metro cities of India, which represents south portion of India. You will find some of the best surgeons for knee replacement in Hyderabad. So everyone prefers knee replacement in Hyderabad and the cost of knee replacement in Hyderabad is also very cost-effective compared to other cities in India.
What happens during a knee replacement surgery?
Your knee replacement surgeon will administer anesthesia before the surgery. Anesthesia is mainly given below the waist of the patient. After this, the knee replacement doctor will make a cut of around 10 inches to 12 inches in the front part of the concerned knee.
Then the doctor will remove the damaged part of the joint and replace it with a metal or plastic artificial material. This artificial joint is then connected to the thigh bone. This is a very delicate job and only an experienced surgeon must be considered to get this done. The artificial bone must be placed at the right place.
What are the current improvements in knee replacement surgery?
New instruments and techniques have been used for knee replacement surgery in recent years.Techniques have evolved in such a way that minimum amount of body part needs to be portion cut or removed. Now, expert surgeons make cut s or incision of only 3 inches to 5 inches in the body. Less number of cuts means less tissue damage and also less recovery time.
This new procedure is executed by only a small number of doctors. Research is going on the fact of long term benefits and short term benefits of this new knee replacement surgery technique. If the number of benefits of the new knee replacement surgery is higher than the benefits of traditional knee replacement surgery, then doctors will recommend the new surgery type to their patients. However, it will be seen in near future.
What happens after the knee replacement surgery?
The patient will have to stay for around 3 days to 5 days in the hospital or clinic after the knee replacement surgery.Most of the patients have experienced tremendous improvement in their knee within 1 month to 2 months after the knee replacement surgery and this improvement is noticeable to everyone. The most important thing after the surgery is that the pain due to damaged joints will reduce/disappear and the patient will feel relief.
People can stand and move their knee joint after one day of knee replacement surgery. After knee replacement in Hyderabad, people may walk with the help of parallel bar, crutches or walker. People have to use crutches till the knee can support their whole bodyweight. After six months of knee replacement, people can walk with less support and be more independent. But physical therapy should be continued till the muscle achieves the required strength. People who have had knee replacement can do every activity. However, the surgeon may recommend avoiding jumping or running after the knee replacement surgery.
What is the time period of physical therapy after knee replacement surgery?
After knee replacement in Hyderabad, patients are normally sent home or a rehabilitation center. Rehabilitation time period is around 8 to 10 days.
Your doctor may recommend you to visit a physio- therapist and you may receive the treatment within the comforts of your home.
Duration of the physical therapy may vary from one patient to another patient. As every person is different,the course of recovery physical therapy is determined by the knee replacement surgeon in Hyderabad.
Protection after knee replacement surgery?
- Patient should not rotate their leg for at least 45 days after the surgery.
- People should keep their leg straight while sleeping.
- Crouching and crawling must be restrained after the knee replacement.
- Physical therapy should be continued till your surgeon asks you to stop.
- Use the equipment such as parallel bar or crutches for support.
- If you do not follow these precautions, the newly placed knee bone may dislocate.
Knee replacement surgery is harmless or not?
As technology has evolved, the percentage of risk involved in knee replacement surgery has been reduced a lot.
As you know, all surgeries have some risk there is some amount of risk involved in knee replacement too. As you cannot move your leg, it enhances blood clots. However, your doctors will treat you for this problem. You may face infection and bleeding problem also. These risks are associated with anesthesia. Nerves in the knee portion may be injured due to the pressure on the knee bones and it may cause senselessness in that portion. Bones around the knee may be injured during the operation. You should follow all the guidelines provided by your doctors, otherwise bones may be misplaced after the surgery.
How long will the knee replacement last?
Earlier knee replacement surgery would last up to 10 years. However, with the advancement in technology today, a knee replacement surgery can last for 20 years. Research is still going on and in near future , knee replacement surgery may last for a life time.